Rotterdam is known throughout the world as a city that shows vision, courage, and perseverance; as a strong, assertive, and resilient city. In order to maintain this level of resilience in the future, we will factor in the opportunities and risks of new developments. Resilience is the new robust.

The main focus areas for Rotterdam’s resilience are:


  • social cohesion and education
  • the energy transition
  • cyber use and security
  • adaptation to climate change
  • infrastructure
  • changing governance

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